Ukrainians, Russians and Europeans against Putin’s war

Ukrainians, Russians and Europeans were on the streets today protesting against the Putin regime’s attack on Ukraine. It’s the only shaft of light I can see in a dark sky overshadowed by the danger of war, with 6000 Russian troops reportedly on Ukrainian territory in Crimea, some of them surrounding Ukrainian bases.

Russia

In Moscow, anti-war demonstrators were detained in large numbers. Each

Nikolaev march

Demonstration in Nikolaev. Photo: nikvesti.com/ Ukrainska Pravda

time protesters assembled on Manezhnaya square in the city centre, more were arrested. Novaya Gazeta, the liberal opposition paper, reported 265 arrests and counting just after 16.00 Moscow time.

Voices on the Russian radical left were unequivocal. “It is necessary to call a spade a spade: what’s happening in Crimea these days is a classic act of imperialist intervention on the part of the Russian state”, said the Open Left group in a statement published in English here.

“Maidan has opened the sluices of activity of the far-right thugs – and at the same time has spurred to political life great masses of people, who perhaps for the first time perceive that they themselves are capable of determining their fate. This range of possibilities has the potential to resolve itself both into progressive social changes, and into the victory of extreme reaction. But the final decision must, without doubt, be left to the people of Ukraine themselves”, Open Left wrote.

Ukraine

Large numbers joined demonstrations against the war not only in Kyiv but in all the large Russian-speaking cities in the east. Ukrainska Pravda reported a demonstration of 5-10,000 people against Putin’s aggression in Nikolaev, a predominantly Russian-speaking city in southern Ukraine. The report said that agricultural and public sector workers, students and the intelligentsia were all at the march.

In Dnipropetrovsk, a predominantly Russian-speaking industrial city, and Odessa, the predominantly Russian-speaking port city in southern Ukraine, several thousand people joined similar marches. There were demos in Kharkiv, Donetsk, Kherson and Zaporozhye – smaller than pro-Russian marches … but shamefully downplayed by western media reports.

In Kyiv, the radical left called for working-class solidarity against Putin’s militarism. “There’s no point in waiting for ‘rescue’ from Nato”, said a statement by the Autonomous Workers Union, published in English here. “The war can be averted only if proletarians of all countries, first and foremost Ukrainian and Russian, together make a stand against the criminal regime of Putin.”

Activists in eastern Ukraine

Messages from activists in social movements in eastern Ukraine painted a grim picture. My friend G., a trade union activist based in Dniprodzerzhinsk, emailed to say: “Most ordinary people are cautious or hostile to the [Ukrainian] nationalists, and so Euromaidan got very meagre support here. There have been many rallies here against the accession to power [in Ukraine] of ‘fascists’ and ‘nationalists’.

“But after Russia sent its forces into Crimea and threatened war – both sides appeared ready temporarily to drop their differences and defend Ukraine. The bottom line is that this conflict is starting to unite people. Those who openly support Russian intervention are not visible right now.

“On the other hand there is the threat of the right radicals coming to power. Yesterday many oligarchs were appointed to the governerships of eastern regions. [Among a string of new governors appointed, Igor Kolomoisky, the oil-to-telecoms billionaire was made governor of Dnipropetrovsk region and Sergei Taruta, the steel magnate, governor of Donetsk region.] And earlier on there were rumours that they are financing Euromaidan, supporting [the right wing populist party] Svoboda, for example. And now we are getting confirmation of that. But ordinary people, workers, have little to say about that.”

A radical left activist, D. from Dnipropetrovsk, emailed in a more pessimistic vein, quoting Pushkin: “The people were silent.” [The famous last line of the poem Boris Godunov – GL.] “That applies to workers whether young or old”, he said. The events around the Maidan demonstrations had a polarising effect. “Wide layers were seized by nationalism, Ukrainian or Russian. […] That’s a catastrophe that could be compared to August 1914 [the outbreak of the first world war].

“Among socialists and anarchists there is a very pessimistic mood. Twenty five years of socialist propaganda from a wide range of left groups and ideas seems to have gone nowhere, disappeared like a puff of smoke. Of course, we didn’t have such great achievements before (in contrast to 1914). But what’s happening now gives the impression that all these decades of socialist work were for nothing, have produced no results.”

Despite his gloomy prognosis, D. added that, in respect of a possible incursion by the Russian army, “the indignation is overwhelming. In the last three or four days, since the beginning of the military activity in Crimea, I haven’t heard any other reaction.”

London

In London, home to the largest community of Russian migrants in western Europe, an anti-war demonstration at the Russian embassy was followed by

Trafalgar Square

Protest banner in Trafalgar Square today

action at Trafalgar Square, where Boris Johnson, the mayor of London was hosting a festival to mark Maslenitsa (the Russian equivalent of Shrove Tuesday).

A banner saying “No invasions! Stop repressions!” was hung over the balcony of the square. The demo organisers were aiming at the event’s Russian corporate sponsors – as they put it, “the largest oil polluter, Rosneft; the union busters Aeroflot; the hate mongering Russian state media and Kazmunaigaz, which was responsible for massacring Kazakh oil workers”.

Comments

Against what is Vladimir Putin directing this war? The story being told in the western media is that he seeks to undermine Ukraine’s new government – nationalist and right wing, with a neoliberal economist prime minister, and portfolios held mainly by members of Batkivshchina (Yulia Timoshenko’s right wing liberal party) and the extreme nationalist populists of Svoboda.

I don’t think this coalition, thrown together in the crisis that followed Yanukovich’s departure, is his main target. Rather, it is the mass movement that accompanied the Maidan protests, which brought ordinary Ukrainians into political and social action on a level unprecedented since the break-up of the Soviet Union. Above all, Putin fears the spread of protest, and popular participation, into Russia.

In a previous post, I wrote that “Russian support for separatism in eastern Ukraine, or even, in extremis, civil war” were not the most likely prospects. I was wrong. And now, although military action beyond Crimea is unlikely – or perhaps I mean “unthinkable” because the consequences would be so disastrous – it has to be acknowledged that Putin’s operation in Crimea could spin out of control.

I agree with the statement by Open Left in Russia, that the Crimean operation can not solve Putin’s basic problems. His regime is not built on strong foundations. Russia is slipping back into recession, its economy able to maintain its footing only thanks to high international oil prices.

In a discussion with British leftists about Ukraine yesterday, the opinion was voiced that “anti fascism”, meaning opposition to the new government in Ukraine, is the priority, and that it would be “no bad thing” if the Putin regime put arms in the hands of “anti fascist militia”.

But there are no “anti fascist militia”. The European left should not use this crisis to indulge its own fantasies.Yes, we in Europe should do everything we can to help Ukrainian socialists and trade union organisations who have come under attack from right-wing nationalists and fascists, as I argued in an earlier post. But there is no question about where the greatest threat is coming from to working-class solidarity, to social movements, and to the attempts of people in Ukraine and Russia to shape their own future … it comes from Putin’s militarism.

Let’s support the anti-war movement and independent working-class and social movements in Ukraine and Russia however we can. GL, 2.3.14.

Read “Yanukovich’s end is a beginning”, posted last week.

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8 Responses to Ukrainians, Russians and Europeans against Putin’s war

  1. Thanks for this contribution to untravelling the complexity of the Ukraine. I would particularly like to respond to the point about the pessimism of socialists and anarchists by referring to my own article at http://www.critical-mass.net on the numerous world-wide uprisings – not one of which has embraced an anti-capitalist perspective. This widespread disconnect between a global capitalist crisis and an anti-capitalist perspective creates enormous theoretical challenges to the anti-capitalist project and those who champion it. See ‘The importance of Theory’ at the above blog. Regards, Roy

  2. tompainesghost says:

    Reblogged this on Colonel Despard's Radical Comment.

  3. […] Anti-war statement from the Russian left | Links International Journal of Socialist Renewal Ukrainians, Russians and Europeans against Putin Reply With […]

  4. Karl Marx in 1853 (Crimean War): “Russia herself is more afraid of the revolution that must follow any general war on the Continent than the Sultan is afraid of the aggression of the Tsar.” “The only question is this: does Russia act on her own free impulse, or is she but the unconscious and reluctant slave of the modern fatum, Revolution? I believe the latter alternative.” https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/subject/russia/crimean-war.htm Valid again?

  5. pcerni says:

    I’m encouraged to hear Open Left talk about “Russian imperialism”. Events in Ukraine certainly make more sense with the help of this concept. Now the job is to put meat on those bones. Eg, there’s no point in asking whether the Crimean operation can “solve Putin’s basic problems”. No imperialist war ever solves anybody’s basic problems! Yet plenty of such wars are fought anyway. Why? Identify Russia’s specific goals and we’re well on our way to an answer.

  6. lidia says:

    Yeah, sure, You did so well in preventing actual war crimes of UK and USA, which are mass-murdering all over the world NOW. But you are eager to stop what is not even here – i.e. war crimes of Putin. Good luck and congrats for being on the same page as Nuland and Kerry – it really shows where your loyalty is.

    By the way, a lot of people in the east and south of Ukraine do NOT see Russia as imperialist, but it is of no interest of you – the NATO leftists.

  7. marisha says:

    This article is an absolute false. Most Russians and Ukranians support Putin and his policy. Though I was a child then but I remember pretty well the year when the Ukraine declared itself as a souvereign state. None of the Ukranians I know and I knew voted for that in Kharkiv. Krimea used to be Russian for a long time. Forum’s results must be accepted by all the countries as the citizens’ will.
    I even think Putin is being very unconfident in terms of Ukrain. He should protect Russians and Ukranians from the government which currently running or better ruining the country.

  8. […] Fascinating stuff about Russian and Ukrainian left-wingers opposing Putin’s war https://peopleandnature.wordpress.com/2014/03/02/ukrainians-russians-and-europeans-against-putins-war… […]

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